Horloogyn Choibalsan

BIOGRAPHY OF MONGOLIAN FAMOUS PEOPLE

 

 

 

   

 

     
   

 

 
Horloo Choibalsan (1895-1952) 
 
 
 


H.Choibalsan

 
Horloogiyn Choybalsan (1895January 26, 1952) was the Communist leader of Mongolia from the 1930s until his death. The spelling of his name can vary greatly; "Horloogiin", "Horloyn", "Khorloyn", and "Khorloogiyn" are sometimes used instead of Horloogiyn, and "Choibalsan" is a common alternative to Choybalsan. He served both as head of state (Chairman of the Presidium of the State Little Hural, 1929 - 1930) and head of government (Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars, 1939 - 1952) and dominated the country's political world. He is sometimes accorded the military rank of Marshal.

 

.
 

Choybalsan was a close follower of the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and emulated his policies in many ways. Choybalsan rose to power with Soviet backing, given as the result of Stalin's displeasure with Mongolian communist leader Peljidiyn Genden. Genden had, among other things, scaled back the implementation of a command economy, refused permission for Soviet troops to be based in Mongolia, and refused an order from Stalin to "liquidate" Buddhist monks. When Stalin increased the pressure on Mongolia, Genden accused Stalin of imperialism. In 1936, Genden was removed from power, and he was shortly thereafter arrested and killed. Choybalsan, who was willing to follow Stalin's orders without question, gained power.
 


Marshal Choibalsangiin baga nas

Ts.Damdinsuren 1942 on.

 

Marshal Choibalsangiin baga nas

Mongoliin uudam tal nutag ni maliin saihan bilcheer tul mongoliin malyn olonh ni tend orshino. Dornod Mongolyn tal nutagt Onon, Herlen, Ulz gedeg murnuud ursaj hyazgaargui saihan tal nutgiig usaar tejeej elbeg tegsh bolgono. Baatar er Suhbaatar, Choibalsan hoyor ene uujim saihan talaas garchee.

1895 ond Herlengiin tsagaan talbai gedeg gazar bui uchuuhen bor gert emegtei Horloogoos turjee. Ene bol odoogiin Dornod aimgiin Ochir-Bayanmunh  sumiin 5-r bagiin bugeed ter tsagiin Setsen an aimgiin beis Sansraidorjiin hoshuunii zuun suvarganii otgiin ogodog gedeg Lhamjaviin ger baijee.

Lhamjaviin etseg gurvan huutei, hoyor huuhentei. Ahmad huu ni Lhamjav, hoyordugaar huu I Mend, guravdugar ni emegtei Horloo, durevdugeer ni eregtei Jimee, tavdugaar ni emegtei naran iim tavan huuhed baijee. Undsen gertee uurd orshij baisan emegtei Horloo hunii ehner bolsongui, gertee baisaar hoyor huu, hoyor ohin turuuljee, Durevdugeer ni Choibalsan bolno. Choibalsan ah ba egchiin hamt tsum butach tursen huuhed ajee. Butach gegch nu ehiig bogtlon avsan buyu ulersen etseggui huuhdiin ner bolno. Choibalsan mun ter nutgiin Buhan huu gegchiin ehiin gar deer boijij usev, Buhan huu hojim ih huchtei hun bolj Buhan zaan gej nerlegdeh bolov. Buhan huugiin eh nyalh Choibalsang gurvan ns hurmegts Horlood erguulen ugch, Horloo emegtei duu Narandaa urchuulen ugchee.

Choibalsangiiin eh Horloo under gualig biyetei, ulaavtar tsaraitai, nud shud saihantai, neleed tseverhen huuhen baijee.

Arvaad nas hurehed Choibalsangiin dursgui zan ulam nemegdej huuhed baitugai gertee irsen zochniig hurtel shogloh bolov. Bagaas morind chadamgai, ajild gavshgai bugeed 4-5 nasnaas honi hurgaa hariulj, 6-7 nasandaa mori naadamd unah boljee. Nutgiin humuus Choibalsand chono gej hochtoi baiv. Sum hiided suuhdaa shashinii nomiig sudalj lam bolohiig hussengui. Choibalsan 17 nas hurch 1912 on bolov. 10 shaham nasandaa eh Horloog dahan Ih hureend ireed butssan udaa bii. Balchir nasandaa Ih hureeg uzsen ni sonirholtoi saihan sanagdaj yaduu emegtei Handyn huu Genden-Yarinpil uuriiin naiz bandiin hamt Ih hureeg zorin orgoj ochihoor shiidjee. Eejdee helelgui yavj, orgoh zamdaa Herlen goliin burgasand honov. Ih huree chuham haana buig medehgui, heden uder shune yavgan alhsaar zorison gazraa temuulseer yavav. Hed honog yavj Saruul gungiin nutag, Herlen bars hotiin tuuri deer irjee. Tendees otoggui Batmunkh gegchtei taarch ayanchidtai niileb. Tednii yarih ni Odoo mania Mongol uls negent manj hyatadaas salj tusgai uls bolson. Bodg Jamzandamba-g ulsyn haan urgemjilsen, bid uls turiig hamgaalah tseregt daichilagdaj yavna gejee. Ulsyn tolgoi deer 8-r bogd tuvd lamiig zalj olnoo urgegdsen gedeg ih tsoliig avchee.

Ih huree oirtohod tendees buruuln salaj Choibalsangiin huliin usgii ba huruunuud heden heseg gazar shalbarch gishgeh argagui bolson tul tendee unjiv. Ene gazar tanih hungui, buuh ailgui demii l yavtal nutgiin bandi Tarvi gegchtei zeeliin gazar taarchee. Tuuniig dagaldan 1 honood huugdej daraa shune shavar hermiin yoroold ochood gants shuudaigaa humhin derlej, devsgergui zeregtsen untav. Choibalsan nuhriin butsan hariya gesend er hun doloo ordoj naim sehne geed ajiggui untana.

Nutgaas garch 30 garui honog boljee. Hermiin yoroold hed honood bosohod hermiin dotor baih har gerees negen yaduulag lam hoyor huug duudan gertee oruulav. Ter shaamii Puntsag lam Choibalsan ter hoyoriig dagalduulan mah nyzah deer avchirch mah hurgegch bolgov. 2 sar shaham mah uurch negen uder tereer otoggui Batmunkhtei taarch tereer tuunig daguulan odov. Hulsenii mungeer manaa manah bolloo.

Iinhuu byardaan bu uurch Bogdiin shar ordnig manahaar anh udaa garav. 1912 ond tendees bolij negen chavgantsiin togoo barih ajiliig hiiv. 1913 onii havar 18 nasandaa Amarbayasgalant gej Mongol dayar aldarshsan sonin oron baidgiig uzeheer yavav. Butsag zamdaa gurvuul hoorondoo zodoldon salj zamdaa negen zamiin har gert orvol tuuntei adil nasny huugee aldaad arav honoson hijeel nasny er em hoyor urevden asrav. Tuunees hoish tednii hun bolj mal hariulj geriin ajliig hiih boljee. Yalguusan hutagtiin shanzavaas tuunig eren nehej aimgiin jasaanaas Choibalsang gadaad yamand hurguuljee. Eh Horloo uulzahaar Ih hureend irsen bolovch olsongui harijee. Ehiin surgiig tereer gargav. 1913 ony namar 18 nas hurch Mongol zasgiin gazraas erhlen oros Mongol hel bichig zaah surguuli buig sonson ochloo. Iinhuu Mongol ulsyn gants surguuli konsuliin denj deh surguulid Choibalsan orjee.

Oros hel bichigt charmain suraltsaj 1914 ony havar bolloo. Urid jil neled huuhdiig Orosiin Erhuu hotod yavuulan surguuli hiilgeseniig medeed Danchinov bagshtaigaa uulval Erhuud yavuulahaar boljee. Hoyor jilini umne sar shaham yavgaar irsen Choibalsan odoo ulaanii hurdan morior hedhen honogt Herlenii murnii huveend bui eejdee uulzahaar yavsan ch zurjee. Erhuugiin negen dund surguulid mongolyn arvaad huuhed suraltsana. 1916 ony havar (21 nas) bolj surguuli zavsarlah tsag irlee. Niislel hureenee butsan irj nutgiin zug eejteigee uulzahaar hoyordah udaagaa dovtolgov. Eh Horloo ni irehees arvaad honogiin umne biye barjee. Gashuudan uilsan Choibalsan ehiin or der deer hed honog untaad udalgui Niislel hureendee butsan irjee.

1914 ony uyed Oros, Hyatad, Mongol gurvan etgeediin gereegeer baiguulsan avtonomit zasagt Mongol busad negdeheer hussen mongolchuud, Bavuujav, tedniig huleen avaagui 1917 ond ted daragdjee.

1917 ony eheer Orost huvisgal bolj 1918 ond Erhuugiin Mongol suragchidiig tatahaar boljee. 23 nasandaa iihnuu Hiislel hureend butsan irjee. Setgeliin ugiig yarih shine zasg baiguulah nuhdiig haij ehejee.

tovchilson batmunkh.Ts daanjuur@yahoo.com   2005.06

 

 

 
 
 

 

GO BACK TO WEBSITE

Batmunkh.Ts Mongol InternetContact to daanjuur@yahoo.com