Erich Haenisch (famous mongolist)











Erich Haenisch (1880-1966) 
  Prof. Erich Haensich

Erich Haenisch
(geb. 1880 in Berlin - gest. 1966 in Stuttgart)

After death August Conradys in June 1925, took over the line of the East Asian seminar of the University of Leipzig on 1 October of the same yearly Erich Haenisch. Of one its pupil, Siegfried Behrsing, is characterized Haenisch as a "Prussian type of official", a shining paedagogue and owing to a stay of several years in China (1904-1911) is equipped with unusually good sprachkenntnissen. On Haenisch the innovation decreases/goes back to entrust Chinese with instruction in the modern Chinese and seminars to the newspaper reading.

1903 with a work over the Chinese editorship of the Sanang Setsen, history of the east Mongols, in the comparison with Mongolian original texts attained a doctorate, habilitierte itself Haenisch ten years later with the Dutch Sinologen J. J. M. De Groot. Topic and title of its Habilitationsschrift was the rebellion of the Wu San kuei in the Qing time. Thus Haenisch was the first German Sinologe, which went through the university training fully. Its first call received it 1920 as an extraordinary professor for Chinese colonial languages (Mongolian and Mandschurisch) to the University of Berlin, where it became to appoint 1932 after a seven-year-old stopover in Leipzig (1925-1932) as a successor petrol Frankes to the vakanten chair for Sinologie. Haenischs scientific work is certain according to the judgement Wolfgang Bauers "by two lines of development: on the one hand the philological and historical study of the Mongol and mandschuzeitlichen China, on the other hand the clarification of the role of the Konfuzianismus in Chinese history." Haenisch attained world-wide fame by its innovative work to the secret history of the Mongols . it submitted 1937 from the Chinese Transkription reconstructed Mongolian wording of the text.

Haenischs interest in the fate of the Konfuzianismus in China resulted completely substantially from the experiences, which he made as a direct witness of the fall of the konfuzianischen empire. The conflicts, which through-suffered many konfuzianische officials in that time of the circulation, inspired Haenisch to work like the revenge obligation, a conflict between konfuzianischer ethics and Chinese state feeling (1931 ), sanctifying the father and prince name in China (1932) and the loyalty term in the konfuzianischen ethics (1933). Also Haenischs most well-known work, the training course of the Chinese writing language (Bde. 1-3, 1. Aufl. 1929/33. Bd. it resulted to 4 1957) nevertheless consciously on school books of the beginning 20 from the occupation of the author with the Konfuzianismus, was based. Century, which had the revival of the traditional teachings as a goal. How inseparably science and own lebensfuehrung were linked with one another in the person Haenischs, work proved like the honour inscription for the rebel general Ts'ui Lih in the light to konfuzianischer moral (1944), in which the criticism at the moral purge under the Nazi dictatorship comes clearly to the expression.

, Haenisch at the University of Munich spent the last years of its career, from 1946 to 1952, where he developed a new seminar.


Literature to Erich Haenisch:


  • Farmer, Wolfgang. "Erich Haenisch (1880-1966)". In: Magazine of the German Morgenlaendi society 117:2 (1967), P. 205-210. (a listing contains Haenischs of the works appeared after 1960)


  • Franke, Herbert (Hrsg.). Studia Sino Altaica. Anniversary publication for Erich Haenisch to 80. Birthday . Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1961. (in it a listing of the writings Haenischs until 1960)



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